全局

今天和朋友聊天,聊到某栋位于西雅图正中心的、正在修建的大楼将会有一半分给流浪汉居住。之前第一次听到这个消息说实话有本能地反感,但是后来从全局最优的角度想,这个决定太天才了:一方面解决流浪汉居住问题,帮助政府解决社会问题,以此获取(可能的)税收减免;另一方面有助于塑造公司形象,赢取客户信任从而获取更多潜在用户。

从自身角度的本能反感到更高角度的全局优解,视角的转换有助于看到事物大层面上的美妙性。恰巧今天晚上读 Ray Dalio 的 Principles 一书,看到一个一致且扩展了的观点很适合作为世界观的 principle 之一:

When I went to Africa a number of years ago, I saw a pack of hyenas take down a young wildebeest. My reaction was visceral. I felt empathy for the wildebeest and thought that what I has witnessed was horrible. But was that because it was horrible or was it because I am biased to believe it's horrible when it is actually wonderful? That got me thinking. Would the world be a better or worse place if what I'd seen hadn't occured? That perspective drove me to consider the second and third-order consequences so that I could see that the world would be worse. I now realize that nature optimizes for the whole, not for the individual, but most people judge good and bad based only on it affects them.

最后墙裂推荐 Ray Dalio 的 Principles 一书,他在书里详细阐述了自身的世界观,是一本值得致敬和不断学习的书。

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